Diabetes can result in vision problems, so it is important to closely monitor patients through comprehensive eye examinations.
Unfortunately, diabetic eye disease may cause vision loss and blindness. Diabetic eye disease is a group of conditions that includes cataracts, diabetic macular edema, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.1
DIABETIC EYE DISEASE
Controlling blood glucose by exercising, maintaining a healthy diet, and taking medication can delay or prevent vision loss. Early detection, treatment, and close monitoring are essential to prevent vision problems in patients with diabetes (Table). Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of vision loss, blindness, and vision impairment among patients with diabetes.2 Chronic hyperglycemia, diabetes duration, diabetic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are among the factors that increase the risk of retinopathy.3 Individuals may not develop symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, but as the condition progresses, symptoms may include blurred vision, dark or empty areas in the vision, floaters, fluctuating vision, impaired color vision, and vision loss.2
EYE EXAM RECOMMENDATIONS
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recently issued updated recommendations on preventing, assessing, and treating diabetic retinopathy.3 Evidence shows that optimizing blood pressure, glycemic control, and serum lipids can reduce the risk or slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy.3 ...