When it comes to staying on top of your health, doctors often tell you how important it is to "know your numbers." Blood pressure, cholesterol and body mass index can tell you a lot about your heart health, but if you're a man, you need to know one more - your PSA, or prostate-specific antigen.
Doctors use the PSA test to check for any abnormalities within the prostate, a male reproductive gland located between the bladder and the penis. An elevated level of PSA in the blood can be a sign of non-cancerous, as well as cancerous, prostate issues.
In most cases, prostate cancer does not present with any signs or symptoms. That's why we recommend that men have a conversation with their physician and decide whether prostate cancer screening is appropriate for them. Most urinary symptoms are due to non-cancerous prostate issues or other parts of the urinary system."
Aria Olumi, MD, Chief of Urologic Surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC)
Symptoms to look out for:
A weak or slow urinary stream
A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying
Difficulty starting urination
Blood in the urine or semen (specific to prostate cancer)
Urgency to urinate
Getting up frequently at night to urinate
A urinary stream that starts and ...