(null) (null) Dr Gerry Morrow explains what you need to know about an aspect of ophthalmology called uveitis, defined as inflammation of the uveal tract, which comprises the iris, ciliary body and choroid
How easy is it to diagnose sub-types of uveitis?
Uveitis is defined as inflammation of the uveal tract, which comprises the iris, ciliary body and choroid. Inflammation may be more generalised to include the retina, the optic nerve, and the vitreous humour, known as panuveitis. (1)
This inflammation can be acute, recurrent or chronic. The most commonly affected age group is between 20-60, but it can also affect children. There are a multiplicity of causes of uveitis, including autoimmune disorders, cytomegalovirus and other infections. (1)Symptoms and signs can be insidious and subtle, they include redness of the eye, pain, photophobia, a watering eye and sometimes (but not always) reduced vision associated with sluggish pupillary reactions.
The diagnostic problem for clinicians is three-fold:
1. There is a very long list of differential diagnoses, including relatively innocent causes of red-eye, including simple and common viral conjunctivitis.2. A slit lamp examination is required (and the associated expertise) ...